Marrow fat content, intercourse and you may age red deer murdered because of the wolves during the winter season from the Carpathian Slopes

Posted onCategoriesjurupa-valley escort

Marrow fat content, intercourse and you may age red deer murdered because of the wolves during the winter season from the Carpathian Slopes

Hornocker, Yards.G. 1970. A diagnosis of mountain lion predation up on mule deer and elk on the Idaho Primitive Town. Animals Monographs, 21, 1–39.

Hurley, M.A beneficial., J.W. Unsworth, P. Zager, Yards. Hebblewhite, E.O. Garton, D.Meters. Montgomery, J.Roentgen. Skalski, and you may C.L. . Market impulse from mule deer so you’re able to experimental decrease in coyotes and you will mountain lions into the southeastern Idaho. Animals Monographs, 178, 1–33.

Jones, H.P., while others. 2016. Invasive mammal reduction on isles results in large preservation gains. Legal proceeding of one’s Federal Academy out of Sciences, 113, 4033–4038.

Klein, D.Roentgen. 1968. The fresh introduction, boost, and you can freeze out-of reindeer for the St. Matthew Island. Diary regarding Wildlife Management, thirty-two, 350–367.

Klein, D.Roentgen. 1981. The difficulty off overpopulation from deer into the The united states. Within the P.A beneficial. Jewell, S. Holt, and you may D. Hart (Eds.), Troubles regarding handling of in your area abundant wild animals (pp. 119–127). Ny: Informative Drive.

Krausman, P.Roentgen., R. Valdez, and you may J.An excellent. Bissonette. 1996. Bighorn sheep and you will livestock. Within the P.Roentgen. Krausman (Ed.), Rangeland animals (pp. 237–243). Denver, CO: Society to have Assortment Government.

Krumm, C.Elizabeth., Yards.Yards. Conner, and you will Meters.W. Miller. 2005. Cousin susceptability out-of chronic wasting problem infected mule deer to help you automobile crashes. Log from Animals Illness, 41, 503–511.

Krumm, C.Elizabeth., Meters.M. Conner, Letter.T. Hobbs, D.O. Hunter, and you may Meters.W. Miller. 2010. Hill lions sufferer precisely into prion-contaminated mule deer. Physical Characters, six, 209–211.

Kunkel, K., and D.H. Pletscher. 1999. Species-specific populace figure of cervids within the an effective multipredator ecosystem. Record out of Creatures Government, 63, 1082–1093.

Logan, K.A beneficial., and you will L.L. Sweanor. 2001. Wasteland puma: Evolutionary ecology and you will conservation out of an enduring carnivore. Arizona, D.C.: Island Force.

Lomas, L.An effective., and you may L.C. Bender. 2007. Emergency and you will produce-particular mortality from neonatal mule deer fawns, north-central New Mexico. Log regarding Wildlife Administration, 71, 884–894.

Mann, W.Grams., and you can S.B. Locke. 1931. Brand new Kaibab deer: The real history and you can latest advancements [Unpublished statement]. Fredonia, AZ: You.S. Tree Provider, Kaibab Federal Tree.

Cougar-target relationships

Marshal, J.P., P.R. Krausman, V.C. Bleich, W.B. Ballard, and you can J.S. McKeever. 2002. Rain, El Nino, and figure out-of mule deer on Sonoran Wilderness, California. Log off Creatures Government, 66, 1283–1289.

McKinney, T., D.E. Brownish, and you may L. Allison. 2008. Wintertime precipitation and recruitment out of pronghorns from inside the Washington. Southwest Naturalist, 53, 319–325.

Mech, L.D., and you may Roentgen.O. Peterson. 2003. Wolf-victim interactions. Into the L.D. Mech and you may L. Boitani (Eds.), Wolves: Choices, environment, and you may maintenance (pp. 131–160). Chicago, IL: College or university out of Chi town Push.

National Lookup Council. 1997. Wolves, bears, in addition to their sufferer when you look at the Alaska: Biological and you will societal pressures from inside the creatures government. Arizona, D.C.: Federal Academy Force.

Phillips, G.Age., and you will A great.W. Alldredge. 2000. Reproductive success of elk adopting the interference by the people throughout the calving season. Journal out-of Animals Administration, 64, 521–530.

Polisar, J., We. Maxit, D. Sconagmillo, L. Farrel, Yards.E. Sunquist, and you can J.F. Eisenberg. 2003. Jaguars, pumas, the prey ft, and cattle-ranching: Environmental translation regarding an administration disease. Biological Conservation, 109, 297–310.

Quigley, H., and you will Meters. Hornocker. 2009. During the M. Hornocker and you will S. Negri (Eds.), Cougar: Environment and you can preservation (pp. 59–75). il, IL: College out of Chi town Force.

Rosas-Rosas, O.C., L.C. Bender, and you will Roentgen. Valdez. 2008. Jaguar and you may puma predation toward cattle lower legs when you look at the northeastern Sonora, Mexico. Rangeland Environment and you will Management, 61, 554–560.

Rosas-Rosas, O.C., L.C. Bender, and you will R. Valdez. 2010. Habitat correlates regarding jaguar kill-sites out of cattle within the northeastern Sonora, Mexico. Human-Animals Connections, cuatro, 113–121.

Cougar society personality

Ruth, T.K., and you will K. Murphy. 2009. In Yards. Hornocker and S. Negri (Eds.), Cougar: Ecology and you will maintenance (pp. 138–172). il, IL: University away from Chi town Force.

Simpson, D.C., L.A. Harveson, C.Age. Brewer, Roentgen.An effective. Walser, and you may A good.Roentgen. Corners. 2007. Dictate away from precipitation toward pronghorn demography from inside the Tx. Journal regarding Creatures Management, 71, 906–910.